Healthy Diet

The 7 Food Groups of Balanced Diet

There are basically 7 food groups which a person needs in order to have a good health. But then the proportions for taking these groups are different and it varies according to your age as well as your sex. For example the amount in which these groups are required for a 9 year old differs from one of an adult.

You need to keep a track on the amount of proportions you consume of these for you as well as your family too. If you write it down then you will be able to get a better idea. There are seven basic components which include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins, water and fiber.

Now, let’s talk about the different groups, starting with carbohydrates. You can basically get carbohydrates in the form of sugar, pasta, cakes and so on. These carbs are then stored in your muscles as well as liver in the form of glycogen. This is then converted to something we know as glucose and is used as energy by the body.

The excess of it is stored in the body in the form of fat. One needs around 47 per cent of total carbohydrate consumption as energy.

Then we move onto proteins which are present in meat, fish, eggs, pulses, soybeans and so on. These help to build up new tissues in the body and also to repair the old ones. The proteins are the ones which help your tissues heal at a faster rate, after you have had any sort of injury. This is followed by fats. We all know what fast include, milk, chocolate, cheese and so on. The body fat needs are 30 per cent on a daily basis. Fats will also give you energy but then they release the energy at a slower rate.

Then we have the various vitamins which include liver, carrots, fruits and so on. The vitamins help you with your vision, help to keep your skin and bones in good condition and they also help with blood clotting and the formation of red blood cells. You also have minerals in the food groups. You can get minerals from red meat, vegetables, and fruits and so on. The various minerals have different actions on your body and help your body in different ways.

Then comes fiber which you get from consuming a lot of cereal, seeds, and leaves and so on. You have insoluble fibers which help in movement of wastes and then you also have soluble fiber which helps in keeping the heart healthy. The final food group is water which includes everything which is a fluid. One loses a lot of water the entire day, so you need to keep replenishing your body of water.

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